Fascism can triumph today because universal indignation at the infamies committed by the socialists and communists has obtained for it the sympathies of wide circles. But when the fresh impression of the crimes of the Bolsheviks has paled, the socialist program will once again exercise its power of attraction on the masses.
It cannot be denied that Fascism and similar movements aiming at the establishment of dictatorships are full of the best intentions and that their intervention has, for the moment, saved European civilization. The merit that Fascism has thereby won for itself will live on eternally in history. But though its policy has brought salvation for the moment, it is not of the kind which could promise continued success. Fascism was an emergency makeshift. To view it as something more would be a fatal error.
Ludwig von Mises, Liberalism
Those who put any effort into studying historical fascism will know that it was associated with syndicalism (worker self-management of industries) and corporatism (as in medieval or Roman society, where the different orders have representation on government and self regulation of affairs).
It just so happens that syndicalism originates as anarchist doctrine in France, from Georges Sorel primarily (though Proudhon also influenced its ideas) as an alternative to communism. Economist Ludwig von Mises styled syndicalism and the related medievalist idea, guild socialism, as ‘pseudo-socialism’ due to the fact that they retained private ownership of the means of production and a market in capital goods. Although critical of syndicalist ideas it is always a compliment, from Mises, to be something other than a socialist.
Syndicalism was picked up by the post-Boulangists and nationalized. French national syndicalism and Sorel were both influential on Benito Mussolini, who eventually nationalized himself.
Mussolini started as a leader of Squadristi in Northern Italy, essentially fighting communist unions and bandits with mercenaries - paid by local merchants. Mussolini, before he was a fascist, appears to have been an agorist PDA.
Corporatism and syndicalism both were influenced by medieval guild and corporate society, where each individual had multiple identities. Corporate bodies representing and governing different aspect of life overlapped with local and regional autonomies. These structures - burgher councils, craft guilds, various levels of church hierarchy - were part of the reason medieval society remained so decentralized and polylateral through its ages. Libertarians have often admired medieval society and its corporate institutions, including landed aristocracy. And when I say “libertarians” I mean those high IQ scholars and contrarians who try to understand history rather than beating it to fit into an Enlightenment Whig narrative.
Corporatist movements sought to bring these features back to the modern state, by giving the different interests a ‘seat at the table’ where different ‘stakeholders’ got to govern themselves and make decisions involving their shared, or competing, interests.
That is what is meant by Mussolini when he speaks of ‘totalitarianism’ and ‘nothing outside the state’ - not a system for the bureaucratic regimentation of all society, but a state which excludes no Italian on the basis of his profession or economic status, and takes into consideration all of its members.
The frequently cited Mussolini “quote” on fascism as the merger of state and corporate power is in fact an invention with no citation. It directly contradicts the explicit fascist doctrine and many real quotes by Mussolini. It is the invention of some American nitwit who doesn't understand the origin of the term corporatism or the political doctrine of the fascists, a forgery designed to give someone (libertarians and leftists both can be suspected of this falsification) the much prized (among Americans) option of calling his opponents ‘fascists’. In practice, Italian corporatism and syndicalism didn't get very far. Before the Second World War war Italy had a classically liberal economy of the sort common to most European states in the 19th century.
Corporativism is a program, not a reality. This has to be stated at the very beginning to avoid misunderstandings. Nowhere was it attempted to translate this program into actuality. Even in Italy, in spite of the constant propaganda talk, nothing has really been done to establish the system of the corporative state (stato corporativo).
Ludwig von Mises, A Critique of Interventionism
If we look beyond the fact that fascism is nominally statist (I will put aside the rather meaningless term ‘authoritarian’, as any hierarchical or structured system could be called authoritarian) we will discover anarchist and libertarian movements have much in common with fascism and, possibly, that fascism was not nearly so bad as American democracy in practice.
Most libertarians and anarchists will instantly deny this because
they are completely ignorant of intellectual history and have a tiny mental box from which they shoddily construct all their bigoted opinions;
they have Rightophobia or have otherwise been brainwashed by Victor's History into believing that Fascists are Nazis and anyone decent must reflexively hate them.
Thankfully, not being a populist, I don't care what most libertarians (or anyone else) thinks, and continue to prefer Benito Mussolini to the Libertarian Party. When's the last time those faggots stopped a commie?